Holmes, T. M. (April 2014). The Austrians with their 80,000 were expecting a flanking maneuver so they spread out their lines to prevent this. Therefore, to circumvent a force's front and attack a flank is to concentrate offense in the area where the enemy is least able to concentrate defense. Zaloga, Steven (1993). David G. Chandler, The Campaigns of Napoleon. We talk about defensive marketing, offensive marketing, guerrilla marketing. [23] While the German Army did manage to successfully occupy virtually all of Belgium, the offensive became mired in a number of costly and indecisive battles, such as those in Yser and Ypres, and eventually was halted in large part with the First Battle of the Marne. The third and last section of Maneuver Warfare: An Anthology consists of eight case studies of maneuver warfare. One major element in the debate is the use of the term “ maneuver warfare” and its corresponding association with the Wehrmacht. maneuvers his main effort around or over the enemy's defenses to strike at his flanks and rear. Michael Howard, The Franco Prussian War ISBN 0-415-26671-8. Foley, R. T. (2005). Brilliant examples have occurred throughout American military history: Morgan at Cowpens, Scott at Cerro Gordo, Grant before Vicksburg, Eisenhower in Normandy, Patton's shift of the Third Army's offensive from an east-west axis into Germany to a north-south axis into Luxembourg during the Battle of the Bulge, and MacArthur at Inch'on. It only takes a minute to sign up. If a flanking maneuver succeeds, the opposing force would be surrounded from two or more directions, which significantly reduces the maneuverability of the outflanked force and its ability to defend itself. During the second Persian invasion of Greece, after great losses at the Battle of Thermopylae and the Battle of Artemisium, the Greeks once again brought the Persians to blows in the Battle of Salamis in the year 480 BC. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. Why are good absorbers also good emitters? In his wake he left Mardonius, who would be decisively defeated by the Greek army the following year in the Battle of Plataea. Chandler, David G. The Campaigns of Napoleon. Flanking is useful because a force's offensive power is concentrated in its front. The French were, "Stunned by the attack, the impetus carried the English and Gascon Thanks for contributing an answer to History Stack Exchange! Mongols left a narrow gap to let the enemy flee, so they would be easily killed during the escape. The result of this was, rather than maintaining a front line opposing the enemy, the Poles found themselves in multiple isolated pockets with the mass of the German army occupying the original front, and the German mobile divisions behind their own positions. The French were [26] For example, the Mark V tank employed by the allies boasted a maximum speed of five miles per hour and an operational limit of 10 hours under ideal circumstances. I am shocked you can't find any examples of it.. Look up nearly every mongol battle during that time period and you will find examples of flanking attacks. The rest of the army lay on the opposing shores of the Adriatic, unable to aid their comrades. Longer titles found: Historical examples of flanking maneuvers searching for Flanking maneuver 137 found (202 total) alternate case: flanking maneuver. The Role of the Historical Example a 4. Frederick sends some troops to engage the Austrian right flank, and soon he and his troops had vanished. When Pompey turned Caesar's cavalry, rather than finding a route through which to attack his enemy in the rear, he encountered 2,000 legionnaires. The Battle of Marathon, an example of the double-envelopment, a form of flanking maneuver. ISBN 0304367354. London: O. Wolff. High Exarch Turalyon says: If you cover our retreat, we may just see this through. This happened so often.. In military tactics, a flanking maneuver (also called a flank attack), is an attack on the sides or rear of an opposing force. After losing a hard battle at Beaumont-en-Argonne, the Army of Châlons retreated toward Sedan. Allied numbers at the battle vary depending on the account; 73,000, 84,000, or 85,000 are other figures often present in the literature. flanking definition: 1. present participle of flank 2. to be at the side of someone or something: . The casualties were exceptionally one-sided for a modern battle, with the French suffering 2,000 casualties and the Austrians suffering 60,000, mostly captured. A flanking maneuver is not always effective, as the flanking force may itself be ambushed while maneuvering, or the main force is unable to pin the defenders in place, allowing them to turn and face the flanking attack. [6], Anticipating a turning of his flank, Caesar had hidden a line of reserves in this area. In comparison to the Mark V, the M4 Sherman utilized by the Allies featured a maximum speed of 30 miles per hour and an operational range of up to 120 miles. The defeat sent the Roman Republic into complete disarray [4] and remains a singular example of outstanding tactical leadership. In the late Medieval (1356) period The Battle of Poitiers during the hundred years war is an example of effective flanking. The Sword of Allah: Khalid bin al-Waleed, His Life and Campaigns. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. The position was such as to place every advantage on Hannibal's side. Furthermore, as makes intuitive sense, a less mobile force finding itself in a pocket or salient, even if a breakout is achieved, cannot but find themselves encircled again. Did a forged seal ever seriously compromise a political or military operation? Learn more. Trevor Dupuy, Harper Encyclopedia of Military History. In 216 BC Hannibal accomplished one of the most famous flanking maneuvers of all history at the Battle of Cannae. The Second World War was full of creative military tactics from both sides, though only some of them turned out to be successful. Who must be present on President Inauguration Day? See here for a list of historical battles(and descriptions) that involved flanking maneuvers. While the First World War saw the introduction of large scale mechanization in modern warfare, the lack of tactical experience of the commanders and the technical limitations of the weapon systems greatly limited their usefulness. Exhausted and short on supplies, the French planned to rest in the town before reengaging the Prussian forces.[20]. The Evolution of Modern Tactics is II. The famous "left hook" maneuver by American and French troops during Operation Desert Storm was another example of a turning movement. British Mark V Tank. The examples also show that the employer of these tactics suffered few casualties, inclicted many and bagged a great deal of prisoners. They were therefore unable to retreat, resupply, or be reinforced. German Strategy and the Path to Verdun: Erich Von Falkenhayn and the Development of Attrition, 1870–1916. The Nest in the Altar or Reminiscences of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 reprinted by Chapter Two, London in 1999, ISBN 1-85307-123-4. Not answering the question is fine, as long as you convincingly make the case for the. A classic example is Hannibal's victory over the Roman armies at the Battle of Cannae. The Iraqis suffered massive losses and lost dozens of tanks and vehicles, while U.S. casualties were comparatively low, with a single Bradley knocked out.[29]. Osprey Publishing. [9] As Trevor Dupuy put it: Ulm was not a battle; it was a strategic victory so complete and so overwhelming that the issue was never seriously contested in tactical combat. The advance at the proper moment of the African infantry, and its wheel right and left upon the flanks of the disordered and crowded Roman legionaries, is far beyond praise. reserve of mounted troops fell upon the French left flank and rear. [28] These increased capabilities revolutionized the battlefield. So Tagliacozzo is NOT an example of flanking tactics being decisive, since the Ghibellines lost the battle. In the Invasion of Poland Germany utilized the speed of its mechanized strength to break through the flanks of, or between the flanks of Polish forces and into the interior of the country. p. 417 gives 85,000. In military tactics, a flanking maneuver, or flanking manoeuvre is a movement of an armed force around a flank to achieve an advantageous position over an enemy. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. as many soldiers attempted to flee the field.". The war tactic contrasts the much older attrition tactic where wars were won based on which army incurred the least losses. How can a monster infested dungeon keep out hazardous gases? Akram (1970). ISBN 978-0-521-04436-3. The most effective form of flanking maneuver is the double envelopment, which involves simultaneous flank attacks on both sides of the enemy. The Schlieffen Plan, Critique of a Myth. Do I have to lower the foot and needle when my sewing machine is not in use? The First World War began with one of the largest flanking maneuvers in military history, both in terms of the strength of the forces in the field as well as the vast geographic area through which they were deployed. Of course, it may not always work (especially if outnumbered), but for the most part can prove to be effective. The Historical Basis of Maneuver Warfare. After staggering casualties, the force along with the king surrendered the following morning. World War II '' battle right when it started came the implicit surrender of French... Textbooks would mention use of flanking attacks always work ( especially if outnumbered ) but. Opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience battle marked the end... His wake he left Mardonius, who would be surrounded or have to fight from two or directions. 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