It is said to be the female counterpart to the Oedipus complex in males. To resolve the conflict, these urges and desires must first be repressed from conscious memory. If you're concerned about your child’s sexualized behavior, a mental health professional can conduct an assessment. Moreover, after the phallic stage, the girl's psychosexual development includes transferring her primary erogenous zone from the infantile clitoris to the adult vagina. Usually, with the passage of time, this feeling is suppressed, but if it doesn’t the complex is carried out in the adulthood too and can be a serious problem. Often, in aid to promoting social conformity, the myth, story, stage play, or film presents a story meant to frighten people from acting upon their desires. Freud also suggested that when a young girl discovers she does not have a penis, she develops "penis envy" and begins to resent her mother for "sending her into the world so insufficiently equipped.". Daily Tips for a Healthy Mind to Your Inbox. As you may be able to guess, the Electra complex is the female version of the conflict children experience during the phallic stage. But certain traits can also affect the mean time to fire, as well as having the family or seduction focus. [15] In the course of infantile socialization, fairy tales fulfill said function; boys and girls identify with the hero and heroine in the course of their adventures. The Electra complex is a psychoanalytic term used to describe a girl's sense of competition with her mother for the affections of her father. Cornell University Press, 2005. afficher. The Theory of Psychoanalysis. How Does Repression Work in Our Unconscious Mind? Freud, however, believed that girls instead experience penis envy.As you might guess from the name, this stage involves fixation on the penis. Casos patológicos: Complejos de Edipo y Electra. [17], The American poet Sylvia Plath (1932–1963) acknowledged that the poem Daddy (1962) is about a woman, afflicted with an unresolved Electra complex, who conflates her dead father and derelict husband in dealing with having been emotionally abandoned. Electra complex was named after it. [13] If sexual competition for the opposite-sex parent is unresolved, a phallic-stage fixation might arise, leading a girl to become a woman who continually strives to dominate men (viz. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. L’histoire d’Électre Lorsque Jung s’est centré sur le complexe d’Œdipe pour découvrir sa variante fille- père, il a dû avoir recours à la mythologie grecque pour chercher des réponses et lui donner un nom qui serait fidèle à sa définition. On their self-titled album, the alternative music group Ludo have a song titled, "Electra's Complex". How Do Erikson's and Freud's Theories Compare? Overview of the Electra Complex in Psychology, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. The Electra complex is also the counterpart to the Oedipus complex, developed by Sigmund Freud. Le complexe Electra peut être compris comme la version féminine du complexe d'Œdipe, mais ce n'est pas exactement comme ça. The term is derived from the Greek myth of Electra and her brother Orestes, who plotted the death of their mother for revenge of their father's murder. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Cependant, si le complexe d'Œdipe permet l'expression radicale de l'attirance à l'égard de la mère et d'hostilité à l'égard du père, au contraire, dans le complexe d'Électre, cette expression se teinte toujours d'ambivalence. Resolving the Electra complex ultimately leads to identification with the same-sex parent. Consequently, the girl redirects her desire for sexual union upon her father, and thus progresses to heterosexual femininity, which culminates in bearing a child who replaces the absent penis. As a psychoanalytic term for daughter–mother psychosexual conflict, the Electra complex derives from the Greek mythologic character Electra, who plotted matricidal revenge with Orestes, her brother, against Clytemnestra, their mother, and Aegisthus, their stepfather, for their murder of Agamemnon, their father (cf. Generally found in girls between 3-6 years of age, the daughter struggles to get the attention of her father by trying to replace her mother. Freud referred to a daughter's tendency to compete with her mother for possession of her father as the feminine Oedipus attitude or the negative Oedipus complex. The term Electra complex has been used to describe a similar set of feelings experienced by young girls. Faire correspondre . The Electra complex occurs in the third—phallic stage (ages 3–6)—of five psychosexual development stages: (i) the Oral, (ii) the Anal, (iii) the Phallic, (iv) the Latent, and (v) the Genital—in which the source of libido pleasure is in a different erogenous zone of the infant's body. According to Freudian theory, an important part of the developmental process is learning to identify with the same-sex parent. [14], Fiction affords people the opportunity to identify with the protagonists of fantastic stories depicting what might be if they could act upon their desires. Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Electra is one of the most popular mythological characters in tragedies. The Electra complex is thought to take place during the phallic stage, ages 3 to 6, of psychosexual development, during which time daughters spend more time with their fathers, flirting and practicing sexual behaviors without sexual contact. Freud thus considered the feminine Oedipus attitude ("Electra complex") to be more emotionally intense than the Oedipal conflict of a boy, resulting, potentially, in a woman with a submissive, less confident personality. Freud also believed that boys begin to view their fathers as a rival for the mother’s affections. This process also allows the daughter to internalize her mother's morality into her super-ego, which ultimately directs her to follow the rules of her parents and society. The complex originates in early childhood and prevents a woman as an adult from building a normal family. "Daddy's girl" and "Daddy's little girl" redirect here. Vérifiez les traductions 'Complexe d’Électre' en Anglais. Girls, especially in the three-to-six year age range, can especially identify with a heroine for whom the love of a prince charming will sate her penis envy. Electra's complex in the psychology of women is common problem, which is not to speak out loud. The Electra complex is an ambiguous psychiatric concept which attempts to explain the maturation of the human female. (Hons.) Complexe d'Electre, tout simplement. It’s colloquially known as “Daddy-itis” and occurs in most cases between 3 and 6 years of age. It was Jung who dubbed Freud's feminine Oedipus attitude as the Electra complex. By using Verywell Mind, you accept our. It's a classic Electra complex. Cherchez des exemples de traductions Complexe d’Électre dans des phrases, écoutez à la prononciation et apprenez la grammaire. She is the main character in two Greek tragedies, Electra by Sophocles and Electra by Euripides.She is also the central figure in plays by Aeschylus, Alfieri, Voltaire, Hofmannsthal, and Eugene O'Neill. In Neo-Freudian psychology, the Electra complex, as proposed by Carl Jung in his Theory of Psychoanalysis, [1] [2] is a girl's psychosexual competition with her mother for possession of her father. Eventually, this resentment leads the daughter to identify with her mother and incorporate many of the same personality characteristics into her ego. Within a few years of Carl Jung’s introduction of the Electra Complex, it was denounced by Freud. This can happen at any time after the age of 5, with shorter mean time to fire as a child and longer time to fire as an adult. While the term "Electra complex" is frequently associated with Sigmund Freud, it was actually Carl Jung who coined the term in 1913. The Electra complex can be defined as the stage when girls compete with their mother to get their father’s full attention. The Oedipus complex describes these feelings of wanting to possess the mother and the desire to replace the father. The psychodynamic character of the daughter–mother relationship in the Electra complex derives from penis envy, caused by mother, who also caused the girl’s castration; however, upon re-aligning her sexual attraction to father (heterosexuality), the girl represses the hostile female competition, for fear of losing the love of her mother. Generally, this stage occurs at the age of 3 and ends at the age of 6 years and the girls return to show a greater affinity with the mother. Freud believed that it was this process that also leads children to accept their gender roles, develop an understanding of their own sexuality, and even form a sense of morality. Ever wonder what your personality type means? History of Electra complex: While the term Electra complex is as often as possible related to Sigmund Freud, it was Carl Jung who coined the term in 1913. Afficher les traductions générées par algorithme. The Electra complex is not widely accepted among mental health professionals today, who often view Freud's ideas about psychosexual development as outdated and sexist since they rely on century-old gender roles. de Electra. [10][2], In forming a discrete sexual identity (ego), a girl's decisive psychosexual experience is the Electra complex—daughter–mother competition for possession of the father. In classical psychoanalytic theory, the child's identification with the same-sex parent is the successful resolution of the Electra complex and of the Oedipus complex; his and her key psychological experience to developing a mature sexual role and identity. [16], Portrayals of Electra in Ancient Greece did not generally present her devotion to her father as sexually motivated; however, since the early twentieth century, adaptations of the Electra story have often presented the character as exhibiting incestuous desires. Electra by Sophocles: As the literature from which the very name of the condition stemmed, Electra is an important work for a number of reasons. Fiction affords people the opportunity to identify with the protagonists of fantastic stories depicting what might be if they could act upon their desires. Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theories of Women, The Oedipal Complex: One of Freud's Most Controversial Ideas. Ἠλέκτρα; lat. Décliner. S'il est vrai que la situation de départ est semblable, l'attirance de la fille pour le père et que cet amour du père suscite une rivalité avec la mère, il existe des différences entre la théorie du complexe d'Œdipe et celle du complexe. Une fois cet âge atteint, cette fixation ou cette préférence se dissout par elle-même et naturellement. [7][8][9] Freud rejected Jung's term as psychoanalytically inaccurate: "that what we have said about the Oedipus complex applies with complete strictness to the male child only, and that we are right in rejecting the term 'Electra complex', which seeks to emphasize the analogy between the attitude of the two sexes". ① Électre est la fille d'Agamemnon, roi de Mycènes, et de la reine Clytemnestre.Après le meurtre d'Agamemnon par Clytemnestre et son amant Egisthe, Électre put se sauver, et réussit à amener son frère Oreste, en le cachant sous robe, à la cour du roi Strophios, en Phocide. Freud did admit that he knew less about the sexual life of little girls than little boys. The Electra complex is a psychoanalytic term for a young girl between 3 to 6 years of age who has a feeling of competition with her mother and feels affection for her father. What is the Electra Complex? For other uses, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "On the prognostic significance of the mental content in manic-depressive psychosis", Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Electra_complex&oldid=994958797, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 12:46. Ce type d’attirance affective (pas habituelle pour tout le monde) est pour la psychanalyse une partie normale du développement psychologique d’un enfant entre 3 et 6 ans. León Villacrés, K. A., & Torres Rivera, I. M. (2015). [11] It is in the phallic stage (ages 3–6), when children become aware of their bodies, the bodies of other children, and the bodies of their parents that they gratify physical curiosity by undressing and exploring each other and their genitals—the erogenous center—of the phallic stage; thereby learning the physical gender differences between male and female, "boy" and "girl". It is the same as Oedipus complex in a boy where he has a sense of competition with his father and has affection for his mother. Part II Roll No. A number of defense mechanisms play a role in resolving the Electra complex. Plusieurs personnages portent le nom d'Électre (Gr. Carl Gustav Jung was the first to use this mythological figure from a psychological standpoint. Such fixations, Freud believed, often led to anxiety and played a role in neurosis and maladaptive behaviors in adulthood. Electra Complex. Psychological Fixations and How They Develop. Freud S. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. [12], In both sexes, defense mechanisms provide transitory resolutions of the conflicts between the drives of the Id and the drives of the ego. 1913;1:1-40. When she discovers that she does not have a penis, she becomes attached to her father and begins to resent her mother who she blames for her "castration.". In 1912, the concept of Electra would serve to illustrate girls’ early fixation on their parents. tous les mots les mots exacts n'importe quels mots . The Electra complex. The origin story of the complex begins with the title character and her brother, Orestes, exacting revenge on their mother, Clytemnestra, and stepfather, Aegisthus, who jointly participated in the murder of Electra’s father, Agamemnon. Of course, if you really don't feel like waiting, you can open up the console commands and typing in "event oedipustime.1". penis envy), either as an unusually seductive woman (high self-esteem) or as an unusually submissive woman (low self-esteem). Welsh singer Marina and The Diamonds released her sophomore album Electra Heart in 2012, with themes revolving around the Electra complex. How Psychoanalysis Influenced the Field of Psychology, Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Study Guide, 10 Things You Might Not Know About Sigmund Freud, Why Anna Freud Is One of the Most Important Psychologists in History, What Personality Theories in Psychology May Tell You About Yours, Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theories in Psychology, How the Field of Psychology Defines Libido, Sabina Spielrein, One of the First Female Psychoanalysts. Ainsi, pour la psychanalyse originelle, ce complexe existe mais serait aussi la cause de nombreux maux apparemment inexplicables de l’âge adulte. He felt that Freud emphasized the role sexuality played in motivating human behavior. @Termium Traductions devinées. Her husband was her substitute father, psychosexually apparent when she addresses him (the husband) as the "vampire father" haunting her since his death. In Neo-Freudian psychology, the Electra complex, as proposed by Carl Jung in his Theory of Psychoanalysis,[1][2] is a girl's psychosexual competition with her mother for possession of her father. The theory of electra complex was given by Carl Jung. [citation needed], The psychodynamic nature of the daughter–mother relationship in the Electra complex derives from penis envy, caused by the mother, who also caused the girl's castration; however, upon re-aligning her sexual attraction to her father (heterosexuality), the girl represses the hostile female competition, for fear of losing the love of her mother. This internalization of "Mother" develops the super-ego as the girl establishes a discrete sexual identity (ego). This pathology has been known since ancient times and it still has not lost its relevance. The Electra complex is a term used to describe the female version of the Oedipus complex. Moreover, stories such as Cinderella have two maternal figures, the stepmother (society) and the fairy godmother; stepmother represents the girl's feelings towards mother; the fairy godmother teaches the girl that her mother loves her, thus, to have mother's love, the girl must emulate the good Cinderella, not the wicked stepsisters. In the course of her psychosexual development, the complex is the girl's phallic stage; a boy's analogous experience is the Oedipus complex. Freud developed the underlying ideas of the Electra complex, although he did not term it as such. Electra) dans la mythologie grecque. Exemples. “The Electra complex is the time to emphasize the analogy between the mindset between the two sexes” –Carl Jung– What is the Electra complex and what are its characteristics? It's a classic Electra complex. Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. In the course of infantile socialization, fairy tales fulfill said function; boys and girls identify with the hero and heroinein the course of their adventures. Psychoanalytic Review. They can then make treatment recommendations to address sexual behavior problems. Electra complex. Relaciones socio-afectivas y su influencia en el complejo de edipo y electra en niños de 5 a 6 años (Bachelor’s thesis, Universidad de Guayaquil Facultad de … Le complexe Electra est l'obsession amoureuse d'une fille pour son père âgé de 4 à 6 ans. Freud described the feminine Oedipus attitude complex as a daughter's longing for her father and competition with her mother. Freud rejected the term and described it as an attempt "to emphasize the analogy between the attitude of the two sexes.". [citation needed]. [citation needed], A 1921 study of patients at a New York state mental hospital, On the Prognostic Significance of the Mental Content in Manic-Depressive Psychosis, reported that of 31 manic-depressive patients studied, 22 (70%) had been diagnosed as afflicted with an Electra complex; and that 12 of the 22 patients had regressed to early stages of psychosexual development. That said, research does show that children learn about gender roles and sexuality from their parents. In conflating father and husband as one man, Sylvia Plath indicates their emotional equality in her life; the unresolved Electra complex.[19]. Are You Familiar with These Important Facts About Child Abuse? As a result, Freud believed that the girl then begins to identify with and emulate her mother out of fear of losing her love. Sigmund Freud instead proposed that girls and boys resolved their complexes differently—she via penis envy, he via castration anxiety; and that unsuccessful resolutions might lead to neurosis. Often, the travails of hero and heroine are caused by an evil stepmother wh… A fixation is a persistent focus on an earlier psychosexual stage. If something goes wrong during any of these stages, a fixation at that point in development might occur. Jung CG. L'image du complexe d'Electre! In 1920, he said, “I do not see any advance or gain in the introduction of the term ‘Electra Complex, and do not advocate its use.” A few years later, Freud reasserted that … The Electra Complex-- Selected Poems of Anne Sexton and Sylvia Plath (Paper 12) Sanchari Sengupta M.A. For young boys, this meant obsession with their own penis. Le désir d'enfant, à l'âge adulte, ne serait alors chez la femme qu'une simple sublimation du désir de pénis ressenti dans l'enfance. Electra, by Sophocles). It is comparable to the Oedipus complex in males. What Are Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development? The daughter possesses an unconscious desire to replace her mother as her father's sexual partner, thus leading to a rivalry between daughter and mother. Greek mythology up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter the feminine Oedipus attitude as girl... Is also the counterpart to the Oedipus complex, developed by Sigmund Freud ' Anglais... The feminine Oedipus attitude as the Electra complex not sexually possess her mother Oedipus of... In 2012, with themes revolving around the Electra complex in the psychology of women, alternative... The family or seduction focus the stage when girls compete with their mother to get father. To identify with the same-sex parent a phallic-stage fixation might lead him to become a vain, over-ambitious.. Same personality characteristics into her ego attached to her mother, as the stage when girls compete their. 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Dotdash. Jung who dubbed Freud 's Theories Compare little boys Tips for a Healthy Mind your! Serve to illustrate girls ’ early fixation on their parents the opportunity to identify with the same-sex parent d'enfant à! Ludo have a song titled, `` Electra 's complex '' two men, écoutez la... Term used to describe the female version of the Electra complex is a licensed clinical psychologist with providing... Attempt `` to emphasize the analogy between the two men in psychology, Ⓒ about. Be if they could act upon their desires in males Oedipal complex: of. Girls ’ early fixation on their parents 's and Freud 's Theories Compare the conflict experience! The Electra complex role in neurosis and maladaptive behaviors in adulthood âge atteint, cette fixation ou cette préférence dissout! Also the counterpart to the Oedipus complex in psychology, Ⓒ 2021 about, Inc. ( Dotdash ) All... Important facts about child Abuse unusually submissive woman ( high self-esteem ) sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to the... Learning to identify with the same-sex parent you Familiar with these important facts child! Jung was the first to use this mythological figure from a psychological standpoint replace the.. Oedipal complex: one of the human female d'Œdipe, mais ce n'est electra complex age exactement comme ça, the of.